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Mongolia (Mongolian: Монгол Улс, ᠮᠤᠩᠭᠤᠯᠤᠯᠤᠰ) is a landlocked country where nomadic life is still a living tradition. The country spans the Gobi Desert, mountainous regions andf the Mongolian-Manchurian grassland steppe, with some forested areas.

Ethnic Mongols are made up of the majority Khalkha along with Oirats, Buryats and others. Turkic peoples (Kazakhs and Tuvans) and small groups of Russian, Chinese and Korean also live in Mongolia

The Culture of Mongolia has been heavily influenced by the Mongol nomadic way of life. The single most important influences are from Tibet. Majority of Mongols practise Tibetan Buddhism. Islam and Christianity also thrive is small numbers.

South Korea (한국, 韓國 Hanguk), is one of the most dynamic and developed countries of Asia. The country is a mountainous peninsula with some lowlands and islands.

South Korea is a very homogeneous country, with nearly all native residents identifying themselves as ethnically Korean (Hangul: 한민족). There are also small groups of Chinese and foreign expatriate workers.

Korea retains a distinct cultural identity evolving from Siberian origins. Traditional Korean culture has been deeply influenced by Chinese culture. Korean shamanism (also known as Sindo or Muism) is the native religion of the Koreans. Smaller percentage are Christians and Buddhists.

Japan (Nippon 日本) is a country where the past meets the future. The country four main islands are Hokkaido, Honshu, Shikoku and Kyushu. The Ryukyu Islands, which include Okinawa are together known as the Japanese archipelago. Most of Japan is forested and mountainous. As a result, the habitable zones, mainly located in coastal areas, have extremely high population densities. The islands of Japan are located in a volcanic zone on the Pacific Ring of Fire.

Japan’s population is majority ethnic Japanese (Japanese: 日本人) and the most dominant native ethnic group is the Yamato people. Thre are also Zainichi Koreans (Koreans in Japan), Chinese, Filipinos, Brazilians & Peruvians mostly of Japanese descent. There are also small indigeneous ethnic groups like the Ainu.

As Japan has undergone periods of openness and isolation throughout its history, Japanese culture is truly unique. Traditional Japanese culture has heavy Chinese influences while retaining many native Japanese customs, resulting in a seemingly seamless blend. Japan has two dominant religious traditions: Shinto (神道) is the majority ancient animist religion of traditional Japan, and Buddhism which arrived later. Both religions have co-existed with varying degrees of syncretion.

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Cambodia (Kampuchea in Khmer, which derives from the Sanskrit name Kambujadeśa (कम्बोजदेश)) is now emerging from bad spell of about 500 years. Cambodia has a low-lying central plain that is surrounded by uplands and low mountains and includes the Tonle Sap (Great Lake) and the upper reaches of the Mekong River delta.

The largest ethnic group in Cambodia are the Khmers who live with tiny groups of Chams, Vietnamese and Chinese. Cambodian culture is influenced by Theravada Buddhism and Hinduism, of the lowland Khmer. The cultural fabric is further enriched by some 20 culturally distinct hill tribes.

Laos or Muang Lao (Lao: ເມືອງລາວ, Muang Lao) is a country with thickly forested landscape consists mostly of rugged mountains and some plains and plateaus.

The majority of Laotians are ethnic Lao or Lao Loum (lowland people). The Lao belong to the large Tai family. Other ethnic groups are located at higher altitudes and called the Lao Theung (midland people) and Lao Soung (highland people). Midland people are Mon-Khmer tribes. Higher up are the Hmong, Yao (Mien), Dao, Shan, and several Tibeto-Burman speaking peoples. Ethnic groups such as the Lua and Khmu people who are indigenous to Laos.

Theravada Buddhism is a dominant influence in Lao culture. It is reflected throughout the country from language to the temple and in art, literature, performing arts, etc. Many elements of Lao culture predate Buddhism, however.

Vietnam (Vietnamese: Cộng hòa xã hội chủ nghÄ©a Việt Nam) is a country with magnificient vistas of an industrious nation. Vietnam’s land is mostly hilly and densely forested, with level land covering no more than 20%. Mountains account for 40% of the country’s land area, and tropical forests cover around 42%.
including the fabled Mekong river delta.

The dominant ethnic group are the Viet or Kinh people concentrated mainly in the alluvial deltas and coastal plains of the country. Vietnam is also home to 54 ethnic minority groups, including the Hmong, Dao, Tay, Thai, and Nùng. Many ethnic minorities – such as the Muong, who are closely related to the Kinh, dwell in the highlands.

Vietnam’s culture has developed over the centuries based on the practise of wet rice agriculture. Some elements of the national culture have Chinese origins, drawing on elements of Confucianism and Taoism. Vietnamese folk religion (Vietnamese: tín ngưỡng dân gian Việt Nam, tôn giáo bản địa Việt Nam) is dominant in Vietnam. Next is Mahayana Buddhism as well as Christianity. Sizeable Vietnamese are aethists

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The Himalayas, Himālaya in Nepali and Hindi (both written हिमालय), the Himalaya (ཧི་མ་ལ་ཡ་) or ‘The Land of Snow’ (གངས་ཅན་ལྗོངས་) in Tibetan, the Hamaleh Mountain Range (سلسلہ کوہ ہمالیہ) in Urdu, and the Ximalaya Mountain Range (t 喜馬拉雅山脈, s 喜马拉雅山脉, p Xǐmǎlāyǎ Shānmài) in Chinese are a range of mountains running for a 2400 km arc across the face of the planet. The range has many of the Earth’s highest peaks, including the highest, Mount Everest. The Himalayas include over fifty mountains exceeding 7,200 metres (23,600 ft) in elevation, including ten over 8000m peaks. The Himalayas are spread across five countries: India, Nepal, Bhutan, China and Pakistan. The ranges extend from the Pamir Knot in the west to the Great Bend of the Brahmaputra River in the east.

The Himalayas have profoundly shaped the cultures of South Asia; many Himalayan peaks are sacred in Hinduism and Buddhism. The mountain ranges are a home to a diverse number of people, languages, and religions. Generally speaking Islam is prevalent in the west, Hinduism in the southern ranges of the eastern Himalaya, and Buddhism in the northern ranges of the western Himalaya. The name Himalayas derives from the Sanskrit Himā-laya (हिमालय, “Abode of Snow”), from himá (हिम, “snow”) and ā-laya (आलय, “receptacle, dwelling”).

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The Tea Horse Road or chamada, now generally referred to as the Ancient Tea Horse Road or chamada was a network of caravan paths winding through the mountains of Sichuan, Yunnan and Guizhou in Southwest China.

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India (Sanskrit, Hindi: भारत, Bhārat) is the largest country in the Indian Subcontinent. It is the seventh largest country in the world by area and, with over a billion people. The Republic of India is an extremely diverse country, with vast differences in geography, climate, culture, language and ethnicity across its expanse, and is the largest democracy on Earth. This vast country offers the visitor a view of fascinating religions and ethnography, a vast variety of languages with more than 438 living languages, and monuments that have been present for thousands of years.

As India opens up to a globalized world, India still has a depth of history and intensity of culture that awes and fascinates the many who visit there. India remains to be one of the world’s fastest growing economies and developing countries. It is considered to be an emerging superpower. Therefore, your visit will indeed be an interesting one.

 

 

 

 

 

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China (中国; Zhōngguó) is a country with a 5000-year old extremely rich civilizational history. The country today is once again one of the leading nations in the world, buoyed by its large, industrious population and abundant natural resources. China’s landscape is vast and diverse, ranging from arid deserts to subtropical forests including The Himalaya, Karakoram, Pamir and Tian Shan mountain ranges. The Yangtze and Yellow Rivers run through the heartland of China. The country has huge coastline along the Pacific Ocean.

The Han Chinese – the world’s largest single ethnic group dominate almost entire China. Other ethnic groups, officially numbering 55 comprise about a 10th of the population. Standard Mandarin, a variety of Mandarin based on the Beijing dialect, is the official national language of China and is used as a lingua franca in the country between people of different linguistic backgrounds.

Since ancient times, Chinese culture has been heavily influenced by Confucianism and conservative philosophies. With the rise of Chinese nationalism and the end of the Cultural

Revolution, various forms of traditional Chinese art, literature, music, film, fashion and architecture have seen a vigorous revival. Confucianism, Taoism, and Chinese Buddhism, historically have a significant role in shaping Chinese culture and known as the ‘Three Teachings’. Majority of Han Chinese practice some kind of Chinese folk religion or Taoism.

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Myanmar historically was a ‘golden land’ and one of the richest and most developed countries in Asia. In spite of past misfortunes the country offers tantalizing glimpses of that rich past as well as the present relentless pursuit to regain its rightful place.

Myanmar’s people and history is a glorious mishmash of settlers and invaders from all fronts. The Mon and the Pyu are thought to have come from India, while the now dominant Bamar migrated through Tibet and founded a powerful kingdom. Myanmar is also home to many minority ethnic groups and nationalities which have their own distinct cultures and languages. In addition to the native ethnic minorities, Myanmar is also home to ethnic Chinese and Indians whose ancestors migrated to Myanmar during the colonial period.

Myanmar’s culture is heavily influenced by Buddhism of the Threvada school. Influence of ancient Indian culture intertwined with local traditions and some Chinese influences can be clearly seen in local architecture and food habits. Various stupas and temples throughout the country bear a distinct resemblance to those in northern India.

Neighbouring Thailand also has Theravada Buddhism as the single largest religion.This country known as Siam until 1939, is the only Southeast Asian country never to have been colonised by a foreign power, and is fiercely proud of that fact.

Thai people belong to the large Tai family of Indo-China. There are significant minorities of ethnic Chinese and assimilated Thai-Chinese throughout the country, Muslims in the south near the Malaysian border and hill tribes such as the Karen and the Hmong in the north of the country.

Thailand With great food, a tropical climate, fascinating culture, majestic mountains and great beaches, is a magnet for travelers around the world. For global tourists Thailand and Myanmar offer the most exotic maritime natural resources. Especially their huge coastline overlooking the fabled Andaman Sea.

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